Chapter 5: Doing It Right

Table of Contents
      Monopoly Capital and Pan-Africanism
            by Roy Walker

Africa will be liberated sooner or later against all odds. But if it is to be soon, by an accelerated revolution of the people, and a total war against imperialism, then we must establish a unified continental high command here and now, to plan revolutionary war, and to initiate action.

If we fail to do this, and to lead the people's revolution, we are likely to be swept away one by one by imperialism and neo-colonialism. It is no longer feasible to take a middle course. The time for reform, however progressive, is past. For reforms cannot hold the enemy at bay, nor can they convince the silent, internal agents of neocolonialism, eliminate the puppets, or even destroy the capitalist structure and mentality inherited from colonialism. The cancerous growths are proliferating at the very heart of our parties and territories whether they emerge under the cloak of constitutionalism, parliamentarianism, bureaucratic etiquette, an imposing civil service, officers trained in western "a-political" tradition to maintain the bourgeois-capitalist status quo by means of military coups, or if they appear in the most obvious guise of corruption and nepotism."

Dr. Kwame Nkrumah

Let us be clear. Monopoly capitalism, imperialism, is the source of the recurring crises. It is not a freak occurrence in an otherwise well-functioning system. As one pundit put it years ago, from now on depression will be scientifically planned. Whether he was joking or serious, we have to come to the understanding that these crises are part and parcel of the system itself, you cannot separate monopoly capitalism - imperialism from its pattern of cyclical crises. It is just the nature of the beast.

Nkrumah tells us this about monopoly capitalism:

Monopoly capitalism by means of mergers, amalgamations, patent agreements, selling arrangements, production quotas, price fixing, and a variety of other common contrivances, had build itself into an international confraternity. However, because of its competitive character, rooted in the principle of production for private gain and the unequal development of capitalism, the struggle of the monopolies went on within the international combinations, The conflict between the European and American financial and industrial trusts and combines for a redivision of the world's resources of raw materials and markets for investments capital and manufactured goods, exploded into war when they became too intense to contain within the limits of diplomacy. The 1914-18 war brought a redivision of the globe's colonial sectors. At the same time it created the opportunity for a socialist break in the chain of imperialism that encircled the world.

A heavy blow was dealt to international monopoly capitalism with the triumph of the Russian October Revolution. From then on it was faced not only with the struggle for hegemony within its own ranks, which was much worse, it was forced to engage in a defensive struggle against an opposing ideology. That ideology had achieved a signal success in withdrawing a sixth of the earth’s surface from monopoly capitalism’s field of operations, a fact which it has never and will never forgive, and was threatening to undermine imperialism’s power at other strategic spots which had soften under the blows of war.

With the failure of interventionist war to subdue the new socialist State (the USSR), a cordon sanitaire was raised around the Soviet Union to prevent the spread of socialist contamination to other parts of Europe. Fascism was encouraged to prop capitalism at points where it had been seriously damaged and was faced with popular discontent, as in Germany and Italy, and to bolster it in those outposts which were and remain semi-colonial appendages to Western imperialism, Spain and Portugal.

These devices, however, were unable to cope with the recurrent crises that were tearing at the very heart of capitalism and sharpening the bitter contentions between rival imperialism which erupted into a second global war in 1939. From this holocaust, socialism emerged as a much more threatening challenge to imperialism than ever before. At the same time we, the peoples of imperialism's ‘far flung empires’, had come to realise that we could have control over our own destiny and began to make our bid for independent nationhood. Thus imperialism came to be challenged on another front, the colonialist front, in a time when science had heightened the capabilities of the productive machinery of capitalism thereby increasing its need for raw materials and market for new chemically-produced primary materials, manufactured goods and overseas employment of growing capital surpluses. Challenged thus by anti-colonialism and socialism, imperialism is
now engaged in a ‘to-the-death’ trial for survival against the forces that are antagonistic to it and that are building across the globe even while the internecine struggle within itself is becoming more and more brutal. In this multi-sided struggle imperialism has been forced into the use of many artifices to maintain itself in being by the colonialist process without the benefits of colonial control.

pp 37-9 Nkrumah, “Neocolonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism”

Objective research has shown that Continental Unity is the way forward: In the following excerpts from a comparative study of the progress of India and Africa, two analysts, Paul Collier, Tony Venable, show this to be true.

The population of South Asia lives almost entirely in one mega-country or two large ones. In contrast, the rather smaller population of sub-Saharan Africa is spread across some fifty countries. Does this political fragmentation have economic consequences? We suggest that both private economic activity and the provision of public goods benefit from powerful scale economies that confer advantages on the South Asian model. Paradoxically, although as a result Africa has a greater need than other regions for supra-national power structures, it has far less --- made less progress towards regional unity.

Paul Collier, Tony Venable, p. 1, "Trade and economic performance: does Africa's fragmentation matter?"

If the next half-century of efforts at African political union are no more successful than the last, then Africa’s structural undersupply of public goods will need to be addressed internationally. It may be that the internationalization of public goods provision through the United Nations, offers better prospects to the small states of Africa, and to the many other small states that find themselves left out of the huge regional polities.

In aggregate, Africa is less populous and poorer than India, yet it is sub-divided into around 50 independent states. In this paper we have suggested that this radical political sub-division of an already small economy has inflicted a wide range of costs on African citizens. In the private economy manufacturing and services have the potential for large scale economies which are frustrated by political fragmentation. This skews Africa’s comparative advantage towards those sectors and modes of production where scale is less important, most notably peasant agriculture. In the public sector the lack of scale raises the cost of a wide range of public goods and so accentuates the problem of undersupply intrinsic to low-income. These losses to the private and public economies are mutually reinforcing: low private incomes reduce state revenues and so compound the under-provision of public goods, while the lack of public goods further reduces private incomes.

Finally, we might note that the political stresses produced by poverty have tended to be perverse. Whereas what is needed is a stronger impetus towards unity, poverty is a fertile breeding ground for xenophobia and division. So far during 2008 there have been riots in Johannesburg against immigration from Zimbabwe and de facto ethnic partition in Kenya. The vision of African Unity, pioneered by Nkrumah and Nyerere, is in need of serious revival.

Paul Collier, Tony Venable, p. 32, "Trade and economic performance: does Africa's fragmentation matter?"

I would like to offer one small caveat in reference to the overall quality of Collier's and Venable's work. While their general premise is solid their grasp of history is faulty, as Nyerere fought to keep Africa fragmented throughout his political career, virtually until he was literally on his death bed, where he confessed that Nkrumah's continental union government idea was the correct way to go and that he was wrong to fight it.

But unfortunately he did fight the concept tooth and nail, along with Nkrumah's insistence on scientific socialism. So, for the greatest part of his life, Nyerere was wedded to what he saw as the virtues of the British and Roman Catholic Christian model of society. Societal models which, frankly are totally anathema to Africa and African interests. This makes Nyerere's commitment to African Unity somewhat doubtful and even suspect.

Of course if we were united under a government controlled by the people of Africa, we would set up the structures to rationalize all our activities in our own interest; and consequently the interest of humanity at large. Such structures would enhance the indigenous and adapted knowledge that we possess for our development, instead of gearing the process to the profit of the imperialists in Europe and North America.

Take food for instance, Africa has developed cooking and dining habits that, left to our own devices, would lead to excellent nutrition. The fermented grains, the one pot stews and soups, the use of the various greens, fruits, tubers and roots, the sea food, palm oil, sufficient and proper amounts of fowls, red meats and so forth are the bases of the Pan-African diet, so to speak, as these things, and other food stuffs such as okra can be found in much of Africa. We could have a society well everyone from infants to the eldest of the elders are well nourished and satisfied with the food they eat. The only thing blocking this is the neo-colonialist opposition to Pan-Africanism, i.e., to our political economic unity, formulated in the context of Union socialist government encompassing the whole of the African world,

But there are those who would like to pretend otherwise, they blame the people's revolutionary leadership for not embracing capitalism in the anti-colonial phase of the African national liberation struggle.

They argue that it is our failure to imitate our tormentors and engage in vile political economic fornication with capitalism that has put us in this position. So in essence what we are told is that the rapist is not responsible for the rape, the murderer is not responsible for the murders, it is those who resist rape, those who stop the murderers who are responsible! This is the logic of our tormentors; and their local stooges proudly mimic them at every opportunity.

But we know better.

It is our lack of unity; our lack of power that maintains our sad circumstances. We are poor, worse than poor, destitute as a people, in the midst of our own wealth. Our wealth is so great, and our misfortune, because of our lack of control of the wealth, is so tragic, that they can only be adequately described in the words used by Dr. Nkrumah decades ago:

It is said, of course that we have no capital, no industrial skill, no communications, no internal markets, and that we cannot even agree among
ourselves how best to utilize our resources for our own social needs.

Yet all the stock exchanges in the world are pre-occupied with Africa's gold, diamonds, uranium, platinum, copper and iron ores. Our capital flows out in
streams to irrigate the whole system of Western economy. Fifty-two per cent of the gold in Fort Knox at this moment, where the USA stores its bullion, is
believed to have originated from our shores. Africa provides more than 60 per cent of the world's gold. A great deal of the uranium for nuclear power, of
copper for electronics, of titanium for supersonic projectiles, of iron and steel for heavy industries, of other minerals and raw materials for lighter
industries the basic economic might of the foreign Powers comes from our continent.

Experts have estimated that the Congo Basin alone can produce enough food crops to satisfy the requirements of nearly half the population of the whole world and here we sit talking about regionalism, talking about gradualism,talking about step by step. Are you afraid to tackle the bull by the horn?"

Kwame Nkrumah, from Address to the Conference of African Heads of State and Government, May 24, 63

If we in Africa are talking about building on our best practices towards integration, then our international partners certainly need to look in a more systematic way at how they can build on their best practices in fostering regional solutions in Africa. It is in this context that we are looking forward to a transformed relationship between Africa and its development partners. This relationship is a two-way street: Africa should put in place the necessary political reforms to ensure that its economies take off. In return, the developed countries should invest the necessary resources through enhanced aid, debt relief and market access to give African economies the jump-start they need.

The only sustainable solution to Africa's specific problems and to the chaos created across the globe by monopoly capital's continuous cycle of world crises is comprehensive socialist African Union Government. Those who continue to try and sell the African people and nation on regionalism, trade liberalization, privatization, opening up our infant markets to predator capitalist conglomerates and the like, are preaching the gospel of evil. They are consciously or otherwise preaching a line that can only lead to our collective demise.

Union Government is the only kind of government which would give Africa what she needs. Continental customs and commercial agencies, financial entities, banks and currency organizations, monetary policies, fiscal policies as well as structures for defense, foreign policy and the other essential functions of a continental authority charged with macro scale geo-political, geo-economic and geo-strategic matters. All functioning based on a model of human cooperation, rather than the cut throat competition of capital centered societies.


Africa's Future Lies with Pan-Africanism

It is all down to political will, not economics, not technology.

We have to use converging technology to popularize the concept that the quality of life of each African everywhere in the world is dependent on the quality of governance provided by Union Government…that such a government has to start with the people themselves. It must be brought to the people in their languages, in their idioms, at their optimal convenience, for their interest, and indeed the demand has to be a self-organized demand. In the end it is the people that make the Union Government. It is the people who must demand it; defend it; develop it; critique it; control it; plan for it; budget it; manage it; administer it; coordinate it; reengineer it; maintain it. Most importantly it is the People who must comprise the Union Government…develop a message and use every possible channel television, audio systems, Internet -WWW, intranets, extranets, magazines, films, computer games and all other means.

The sense of national patriotism that every citizen of the Pan-African nation should feel is a direct correlation of the ability of Pan-Africanism to convert macroeconomic policies into successful microeconomic gains for the society and people.

The systematic replication of trained individuals to serve as agents of diffusion of philosophical consciencism in all walks of life is the only way forward. This can only be done by creating something like a Kwame Nkrumah Ideological Institute and then endowing it with the same kind of resources as any other world class institution of higher learning. Political will.

We want to help position Africa in a way that assists it in the struggle for a meaningful voice in the world. We must harmonize the links between the diplomacy of the conference halls and cocktail receptions — and the world of geopolitical contention in Africa's favor…Create the condition for the flowering of a healthy cooperative market system by shifting the emphasis away from the narrow unto the concerns and happiness of the majority.

Taking the experience and theory of Post-WWII political leadership as social-psychological and philosophical guideposts, we should develop an integrated strategy for the deployment of contemporary technology, and management technique in commerce, finance, and fiscal matters according to the cultural personality of the society.

The way forward for Africa and African people is clear, we must achieve Pan-Africanism. Development will not come as a result of the largesse of our historical/contemporary exploiters, oppressors, and tormentors. Which is not the same as saying that we should not seize every opportunity to wrench what is due to us from these forces, nor is it to say that external assistance has no role in our development plans. It is saying, however, that all economic and commercial relations with the non-African world must be conducted on the basis of Africa's interests, and Africa's interest alone. For example aid and investment must not contain political or economic conditions, as was the case in 1965 when Osagyefo published Neo-Colonialism, and the US withdrew its "food aid" as a way of punishing Ghana. Another example is found in Seku Ture's description of financial aid that is conditioned on the recipient's country's agreeing to purchase only from the firms of the donor country, deal with the donor country's banks and so on…

I cannot offer any better advise than my standard litany…when in need of sage advice, turn to Osagyefo and he will show us the way forward:

Wherever there is economic dependence there is no freedom

Toward Colonial Freedom, p 17

Private business must be made to serve the social good; in our context it must be a servant to the global African renaissance. . As Nkrumah and history itself has shown, the role of history is essential to the rejuvenation and rebirth we seek, for our renaissance is dependent on our proper interpretation of history. Thus, Nkrumah knew that humanist and cooperative business forms were essential to Africa's progress; her overall renaissance. As the history of capitalism is decidedly anti-human.

This is precisely why Fukuyama talks about the death of history (see they desperately seek a way out of the trap monopoly capital has set for itself.

But the history, even the recent history of capitalism, speaks eloquently to the power of monopoly capitalism. For example one look at the Forbes 2000 leading companies in the world verifies the power of monopoly. The very first ranked company is the conglomerate General Electric. Of the top 100 companies we see that they break down this way:

  • 23 Banks
  • 13 Oil & gas
  • 9 Telecommunications
  • 6 Insurance
  • 6 Utilities
  • 6 Drugs & bio-tech
  • 5 Tech hardware & equip
  • 5 Consumer durable goods
  • 4 Diversified financials
  • 4 Materials
  • 3 Conglomerates
  • 3 Chemicals
  • 2 Trading companies
  • 2 Software companies
  • 2 Semiconductors companies
  • 2 Retailers
  • 2 Food drink and tobacco concerns
  • 1 Media company
  • 1 Food market
  • 1 Household & personal products concern

Indeed if you add just the six insurance, three conglomerates, four diversified financial entities, four materials companies and skip everything else (although obviously the rest qualify as monopolies or at least powerful oligopolies) you come up with a whopping 40%! And that pattern pretty much holds up when you examine the all 2000 companies on the list. This demonstrates the real power of monopoly in the world today, and remember that 40 percent does not include the oil and gas monopolies the big technology manufacturers, trading companies or utilities. If we used a broader definition of monopoly we would find that the entire top tier of global companies are completely dominated by them. But for our purposes here we will stick to the narrower definition, most frequently found in discourses about imperialism.

Others simply deny the forces of history such as the followers of Schumpeter. Schumpeter taught that monopolies were the source of greater innovation in society and thus a positive social force - even though he admitted that the concentration of power in monopoly would lead to unemployment on a mass scale - and therefore, as he said himself, leads to the ultimate demise of capitalism.

There are those who advocate that monopoly capital can be both good and bad. Here is the explanation of how monopoly is sometimes good for us as seen by the Linus Information Project (Linus is the open source operating system that emulates Unix…there main concern is to limit the property assertions of monopolies such as AT&T and Microsoft in the computer software industry. Thus they support the reigning in or regulation of monopolies of this type, but they are not anti-monopolists per se):

Why Monopolies Can Be Beneficial

Despite their reputation for evil, monopolies can actually generate a net benefit for society under certain circumstances. These are usually situations in which the power and duration of the monopoly are carefully limited.

Natural monopolies can be particularly beneficial. This is because of their ability to attain lower costs of production, often far lower, than would be possible with competitive firms producing the same product in the same region. However, it is almost always necessary for such monopolies to be regulated by a relatively uncorrupted government in order for society to obtain the potential benefits. This is because such monopolies by themselves, as is the case with all monopolies, have little incentive to charge prices close to cost and, rather, tend to charge profit-maximizing prices and restrict output. Likewise, there is often little incentive to pay much attention to quality.

It has long been recognized that government-granted monopolies (i.e., patents, copyrights, trademarks and franchises) can benefit society as a whole by providing financial incentives to inventors, artists, composers, writers, entrepreneurs and others to innovate and produce creative works. In fact, the importance of establishing monopolies of limited duration for this purpose is even mentioned in the U.S. Constitution. In addition to being for limited periods of time, such monopolies are also generally restricted in other ways, including that there are often fairly good substitutes for their products.

"Monopoly: A Brief Introduction", by The Linus Information Project (LINFO)

The defenders of monopoly capital often try to confuse the true nature of monopoly by referencing the theory of the classical capitalist economists such as Adam Smith and David Ricardo.

However they have no answer for Smith's observation that the capitalists if allowed to congregate together will inevitably attempt to use this informal association to devise ways and means to create aggregate power and thus increase exponentially their economic control and wealth (The Wealth of Nations). Nor can they rewrite the words of Ricardo: "The produce of the earth - all that is derived from the surface by the united application of labour, machinery, and capital - is divided among three classes of the community; namely the proprietor of the land, the owner of the stock or capital necessary for its cultivation, and the labourers by whose industry it is cultivated." (Principles of Political Economy and Taxation.) This inevitably leads to increase political and societal power no matter how much certain quarters such as the Libertarians cry otherwise.

And this process continues to this very day. The mega-wealthy families have a long tradition of annual "social" occasions, dinners, parties, outdoor outings on their yachts - the first thing Franklin Roosevelt did after winning the Presidential election the first time was to convene a meeting of his rich allies to determine and develop his policy. It is widely known that the Rockefeller family uses this technique also, hosting a yearly event when the powerful economic families hobnob and talk shop, so to speak.

This process is supplemented by formal organizations of two types. 1. There is the notorious Rockefeller creation, the Trilateral Commission and others of this type; 2. There are groups billed as alliances of specific industry and commercial sectors, such as the American Bankers Association, which openly communicates to the world the fact that its function is policy development intended to advance the material interests of its membership. There are many such groups, for example: American Bankers Association (ABA), Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association (SIFMA), The Business Roundtable, US Chamber of Commerce, the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM), the American Association of Exporters and Importers AAEI, the Computer Coalition for Responsible Exports (CCRE), Information Technology Industry Council (ITI), Telecommunication Industry Association TIA, American Electronics Association (AEA) Electronic Industries Association (EIA), the Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International (SEMI) and the Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA), just to name a few.

These associations and more are the united voice of the monopoly capital concerns such as General Dynamics; HSBC, BP, General Electric (This conglomerate was ranked #1 on this year's Forbes top 2000 global companies list); Société Générale Group, Barclays, Northrup Grumman; Boeing; Lockheed; International Business Machines IBM; Archer Daniels Midland ADM; Zurich American Insurance Company; Halliburton; Cargill; J P Morgan Chase; BankAmerica; Fluor Corp. ; General Motors; RCA; Disney; ExxonMobile; Royal Dutch Shell, Unilever, Rio Tinto, Barclay, Goldman Sachs; Texaco, Bayer Group, Siemens, United Technologies, Toyota, Volkswagen, Honda, Daimler, Nissan Motor and the rest.

And of course these elements are very influential in quasi - governmental agencies, from the Federal Reserve System on the national state level to groups such as the International Labor Organization and Bank for International Settlements (BIS) on the global level.

And as this was not enough the monopolists also control the national states-based entities such as the Chambers of Mines, the case of the mining industry South Africa is an excellent example, the naked collusion of the big power mining aggregates inside that neo-colonial state's chamber is highly instructive.

And less we forget, there are also entities such as the Davos, Switzerland-based World Economic Forum meeting and the various regional alliances, ad hoc, semi-permanent or permanent created by groups such as the European Union on various economic, commercial and monetary matters; free trade agreements such as NAFTA and AGOA, and broader efforts such as the Group of 7, Group of 8, and now the so-called Group of 20.

This does not exhaust the ways that monopolists collude to dominate the world; for example we have not even talked about the impact of groups such as the Club of Rome.

But you get the picture: despite the loud denials, these people are conscious of themselves as a class and they work together as a class, even as they are trying to displace each other so that there would be even greater monopoly, under the control of the successful displacer of course.

Thus we need to be conscious of our class identity and class goals and objectives. The class I speak of is what President Seku Ture and the Democratic Party of Guinea referred to as the "class of the people."

Defining the class of the people:

The extremely erudite and prescient sociologist and historian W E B Du Bois describes in brief the nature of the class struggle between the monopolist and the class of the people in a 1958 article called "The Negro and Socialism", published in "W.E.B. Du Bois Speaks,"

In the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, ... in most of the world European monopoly of wealth and technique - strengthened by theories of the natural inferiority of most human beings - led to the assumed right of western Europe to rule the world for the benefit and amusement of white people. This theory of world domination was hidden behind the rise of the Western working classes, and helped keep democracy and social progress from eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa; from Central and South America, and the islands of the seven seas.....

At the very time when the colonial peoples were trying desperately to have food and freedom, powerful Americans became obsessed by the ambition to have North America replace Britain as the empire upon which the sun never dared to set. They demanded high profits and high wages even if the rest of the world starved....

Such a national policy found unexpected support in our long-encouraged prejudice against people with black or colored skins and against all groups of foreign-born who were not of Anglo-Saxon descent....

In order to let the nation return to normal sanity we must realize that socialism is not a crime nor a conspiracy, but the path of progress toward which the feet of all mankind are set.... The footsteps of the long oppressed and staggering masses are not always straight and sure, but their mistakes can never cause the misery and distress which the factory system caused in Europe, colonial imperialism caused in Asia and Africa, and which slavery, lynching, disfranchisement, and Jim Crow legislation have caused in the United States.

Thus the class-nation (including the race issue) was created.

We must then become conscious of this struggle of global classes and develop intelligent solutions, solutions based on focused, organized thinking and carried out with precision and all due diligence. After all we are fighting to ensure that we are the determining factor in our individual and social lives, as opposed to the other class, the monopoly class, which is fighting to continue our enslavement.

There are many philosophical approaches to this struggle. For example a top libertarian historian, Joseph R. Stromberg, advocates the Austrian school of capitalist economics' explanation of the situation, with a base that is derived from the classical economy theory of free markets, a concept that is also relied upon, in a highly perverted form, so perverted that the original theory of Adam Smith and others is virtually unrecognizable in neo-classicism. Indeed the neo-classicists are among the leading monopoly capitalists - imperialists. Just take one their intellectual and practical heroes Milton Friedman of the Chicago School of Economic. Among his political adherents we find the fascist state of Pinochet's Chile, the zionist fascist state of Israel and of course the legions of the Reagan revolution, whose basic policies have been quietly continued by those who claim to oppose the Republican approach in the Democratic Party

Here is the gist of Stromberg's argument:

Empire, then, is the state writ large, the state in extenso. Imperialism is the outcome of an interaction between the permanent state apparatus and individuals or interest groups bent on exploiting productive societies. The tendency in neo-classical economic circles to theorize states as merely another type of "firm" has produced a few insights, but at the price of blinding us to the sheer fact of state power. What is needed is an analysis of state power as an autonomous force in history, a notion to which Hilferding turned in his last, unfinished essay. A logic of political expansion can be essayed, grounded on the incentives present to, and the goals held by, political actors, as Guido Hülsmann has lately argued. Military and fiscal factors will loom large in such an analysis.

Wilhelm Röpke discerned that empire has nothing in common with "capitalism," understood as a system of free markets: It is therefore frequently possible to prove that in individual cases "economic" factors play a part in an aggressive foreign policy, when private pressure groups understand how to make use of their national government for their own purposes, or the true economic interests of the nation as a whole are falsely depicted. It is shown over and over again, however, how little these examples go to prove that the prevailing economic system of necessity and by reason of its intrinsic structure results in an aggressive foreign policy. It is true that in such cases the chain of cause and effect contains economic links, but it ends finally in the field in which, contrary to the materialistic interpretation of history, all decisions take place: the field of politics, power, ideology, psychology, sociology, emotionalism.

Thus, while both Austrians-libertarians and Marxists have worked to elucidate the empirical evidence of the relationship between the government, the economic forces, and American empire, in the final analysis, the Austrian-libertarian necessarily parts company with the Marxist. As Röpke makes explicit:

The idea that the economic system which rests upon the regulating function of the market and the separation of political sovereignty from economic activity is that which compulsorily drives nations into war, must be completely rejected."

Joseph R. Stromberg, "The Role Of State Monopoly Capitalism In The American Empire: US Imperialism: History And Theory", Journal of Libertarian Studies, Volume 15, no. 3 (Summer 2001), pp. 57-93

We however, do not see it that way at all. We are the victims of the crime, it is we who have loss millions upon millions of our people, and continue to do so to this very day. It is we who have had our lands alienated by vicious barbarians from Europe. It is we who have, as a result of the depopulation of our society and the theft of our lands, who have had all our socio-economic systems destroyed as a result of the destruction of our politico-military capacity by alien invaders.

And it is we, in alliance and partnership with other peoples who have suffered at the hands of the imperial states, who will organize ourselves to reclaim human civilization and resurrect humankind so that the glory of each man and woman, each child in the world, is equally appreciated as that of any other human being.

So how do we go about this monumental task?

Given what we know about monopoly capitalism's impact on us, what should we do? Or more precisely what is to be done and how should it be done? (The when is obvious as soon as possible!)

Our first step is to base everything we do on the need to institutionalize the constant improvement of our grasp and practice of our individual sense and collective reality of socialist conscience. That is, starting with the general similarity of the traditional communal sense of egalitarianism, and humanistic democracy of the preponderance of societies in history, we can build a social form that takes the enormous benefits of such a society and re-engineer them so that they function properly in today's highly technological world.

This is a direct function of a system based on constantly improving methods of life-long learning for our entire human population. This will strengthen our general cultural systems, and particularly our practical and theoretical activities in the realm of political socialization and geo-economics, so that we can easily adapt to any change in the natural and human created worlds.

For us it is clear we cannot overcome the systems of retardation and backwardness that neo-colonialism (the last fortress system of monopoly capitalism) imposed on us. Clearly, as Nkrumah has shown in his classic book on the subject, "Neocolonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism", our oppression and exploitation is implemented on a Pan-African basis, and thus can only be defeated on a Pan-African basis. In other words we must find sufficient scope and scale of activity that is positive to negate the scale and scope of the negativity imposed on us by external principals and their internal agents.

Tips from Nkrumah on these Tasks

This means a number of key things, here are a few that are probably the most essential for our common purposes:

  1. Understanding the optimal zone for development, and the role of collective scientific action based on materialism to gain the most from the zone, as described in Nkrumah's book, "Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology of Decolonisation"
  2. The absolute need for a general and an ubiquitous use of automation and cybernetics and the political socialization regime needed to make it work in our interest as a people and culture, as per "Class Struggle in Africa" (Nkrumah)
  3. The specific use of communication and information systems as described in Nkrumah's "Handbook of Revolutionary Warfare"
  4. Use of historical materialism and dialectical materialism such as described in "Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology of Decolonisation"
  5. The full and most effective use of the global human resources available to us that is not just the continental demographic groups, not just the global African demographic, but all of humanity that want a better way of life for people, as Nkrumah describes most completely in "Handbook of Revolutionary Warfare."
  6. Mastering the multiform struggle requiring to conquer the opposing system and sub-systems, including most particularly overcoming internal impediments and obstacles to this goal; that is a struggle which assumes every possible form known to human culture generally from artistic expression to armed struggle. His books "Handbook of Revolutionary Warfare" is hands down the best choice here.
  7. And generally speaking the development of an ideological understanding that will allow us to collective shape our various responses to nature in such a way as to insure optimal development and happiness for our peoples and the world in general. The books "Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology of Decolonisation", "Class Struggle in Africa", "Neocolonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism","Handbook of Revolutionary Warfare", "Africa Must Unite", "Challenge of the Congo", "Dark Days in Ghana", all have much useful instructional advice in this area, along with several others, however the most important and the most onpoint in this area is of course, "Consciencism..."

Ideology is particularly important. It is our cultural consciousness, or more precisely our collective conscience (and therefore our individual conscience) that is at the very heart of ideology. And of course we know that ideology is found in absolutely every single aspect of human existence, so its importance cannot be overemphasized.

What we sometimes refer to as the state of being conscious, the state of consciousness, is nothing more than a human being who is guided and regulated by their sense, their moral and ethical understanding of what is good and bad. This is what is more precisely called living conscientiously; that is following your conscience in all things, all endeavors.

As such a highly developed since of conscience in a human society will guarantee a much more just, egalitarian, human centered society. Thus, the highest form of conscience is that which is defined by and rooted in scientific socialism. As the alternative a capitalist conscience is nothing more than institutional perpetuation of the circumstances that are the engine of misery that creates the global degradation and destruction of human society, all for the aggrandizement of a tiny minority. A minority which by definition is the most evil and beast-like of humanity. We have had centuries of suffering under this kind of soulless societies.

Thus Nkrumah's philosophical consciencism is precisely the solution we have been seeking for centuries. It is the aggregate statement of our best possible collective state of conscience. Or to put it another way our highest possible form of consciousness. That means that in such a society individuals would tend to be much more likely to do the right thing than in a society based on the selfish, individualistic, idealist social-philosophical system of capitalism.

Our embrace of philosophical consciencism will not only aid us but it will be a plus for the whole world. For in point of fact the institutionalization of a positive philosophical approach to life with have an opposite effect on the general human society that the capitalist negative philosophical system. Thus our philosophical advances will serve as an instructive reality, a demonstration effect to use the academic terminology, that will spread like an epidemic or contagion of positive waves of innovation and contribute to combating capitalism all over the globe.

As wikipedia says about conscience in the global context:

World conscience is the idea that with global communication we as a people will no longer be estranged from one another, whether it be culturally, ethnically, or geographically. Instead, we will approach the world as a place in which we all live, and with newly gained understanding of each other we will begin to make decisions based on what is beneficial for all people.

Related to this idea is the idea of world consciousness. It too, looks at people in terms of the collective, but refers more to the universal ideas of the cosmos, instead of the interconnectedness of choice. In other words, conscience is 'inner voice'.


There is a hint of idealism in the wikipedia view, but we must remember that nothing is perfectly free of idealism, nor is anything absolutely devoid of materialism. So, with that single caveat we can readily see how the interplay between consciencism at the level of one state, one continent, one people, one culture, could be a powerful influence for the construction of a better world society due to the interplay with specific consciencism with universal or general consciencism in the world.

To achieve this level of consciencism, we must consciously set out to produce and reproduce - enhance it. That means all our didactic, pedagogical energy and skills, all our epistemological and ontological understanding must be oriented to the production of cultural memes and general knowledge that in turn, because of its manifest ability to improve our lives as individuals and as a collective, reinforces philosophical consciencism in our people and society. And thus reinforces the tendency towards positive development in the rest of the world.

This will give us a cognitive system that is self-perpetuating, self-organizing and self-referential facilitates are understanding and use of knowledge. Our collective cognition skills will rapidly improve to the point that we will be able to reclaim our ancient role as a leading force in human history in all fields of human endeavor. It will enhance our general mental processes of knowledge generation, and improve our collective sense of awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment.

It is the perfect response to the era of intelligent Complex Adaptive Systems (iCAS)

As two Singaporean academics, Thow Yick Liang and Pak Tee Ng, put it:

The entire humanity is gradually drifting into the fourth era - the intelligence era. The transformation is facilitated by the emergence of a better educated and continuous learning and relearning generation that can function comfortably in a knowledge-intensive economy and respond constructively to the fast-changing environment. Therefore, a highly educated population is the main resource that all competitive nations must cultivate. In this respect, the first critical factor necessary for nurturing a highly competitive organization/nation is to optimize the intrinsic intelligence and thinking ability of the individuals, and the second factor is to increase the effectiveness of the interactive dynamics. The primary intelligence sources in such a nation must be connected effectively to elevate the collective intelligence of the systems synergistically.

Apparently, individual intelligence and collective intelligence must be nurtured and utilized to the optimal in order to survive in the stiffer and faster-changing competitions. In particular, collective intelligence and its associated attributes must be better cultivated through a deeper comprehension of complex adaptive systems and intelligent organizations dynamics. Therefore, the strategies to be adopted are those that focus on bio-logic rather than machine-logic. In this study, the strategies utilized by the Singapore's education system as an intelligent human organization are examined and the analysis is further substantiated by a more in-depth investigation of three junior colleges as intelligent complex adaptive systems (iCAS) at the operational level.

Intelligent complex adaptive systems (iCAS): An analysis of the education system and three junior colleges in Singapore
Journal Human Systems Management

Such a paradigm — approach can facilitate our desire to organize ourselves intelligently. In essence, it provides us with a proper mindset necessary for developing, administrating, operating, coordinating, leading, managing and structuring all our human systems and organizations in such a way as they correspond to the needs of the current era.

It will lead us to adopt steps and techniques that ensure that we will not only compete in the global knowledge economy, but win!

It will lead us to the embrace of a common mindset that is referred to as an orgmind by some researchers in the management of our affairs based on extremely intelligent human organizations, iCAS, that by definition will generate highly efficient human thinking systems and as a consequence the emergence of an orgmind -- that is a common way of thinking in a organized group context, appropriate to the interest of African and the great majority of peoples due to its dependence on "integrated deliberate and emergent strategy," and general information theory. (Associated systemic concepts we should consider go by the names Connectivity Culture, and Collective Intelligence Organizational Learning Knowledge Management, but they are not the totality of this development paradigm.)

Financial Economy As We See it

African and particular Egyptian innovation, gave the world its first financial system with a tremendous impact in the vitality of the commercial trading and agricultural systems.
The difference is this: while you can find instances of interest rates on loans between individuals in ancient Egypt, (see for example "A history of interest rates". By Sidney Homer, Richard Eugene, at this url:

I have found no evidence of systematic speculative activities such as exists in capitalism.

Nor did the fact that the Egyptian grain repository system became a powerful financial banking system devolve into the fraud of such as we see in the speculative world of fractional reserve bank systems of capitalism.

Remember, grain was not the only commodity that the Nile Valley and Africa in general processed in abundance. There was the immense gold mining in parts of Africa such as in the upper Nile area (Nubia). Africa had established significant positions in the world silver market by the time of the rise of Carthage, which controlled silver mines in Spain. There was extensive mining done by the pre-colonial indigenous rulers of Zimbabwe, as documented by Walter Rodney in his tome "How Europe Underdeveloped Africa", and of course there were other activities such as the marketing of ivory.

But despite this dominant position in so many vital areas, there does not appear to be one instance of Africa resorting to institutional deceptions of the kind commonplace to capitalism, and which are especially wide spread in modern day capitalism because of the power and speed of digital technology. (As the spread of the current cycle of global crises has amply and painfully demonstrated.)

Much of capitalism's malevolent magic is a function of the speed and storage capacity of digitalization. That is the swindles can be done in temporal and spatial dimensions so great and varied that those who do not have similar capacities and the prerequisite understanding have no chance of coping.

Digitalization has made capitalist swindles a vast hustle way beyond the dreams of the most farsighted capitalist pioneer. This is the reality of the swaps, repackaged and parceled mortgage scams and all the rest that has dominated the world's attention for the past few years or so, and particularly in the last two years.

The nature of the current spate of crises is the child of unprincipled, in many cases outright criminal, actions, done at lighting speed (the speed of digitalization) and played out over the whole globe. In short, what we see ravaging the world is the mother of all scams and hustles.

But this system of speculation, hedging and related actions is not the only little trick up the capitalist sleeve that benefits from digitalization.

Their age old hustle of manipulating a bank's money reserves is also vastly enhanced by the capitalist's crude exploitation of the technological capability of acting almost at the speed of a click and the ability to traverse vast expanses of the globe, combined with monopoly capitals' position of power in the world which allows them to bypass and circumvent any constraints that local market structures may wish to apply, but cannot really do so because of the relative global power equation between the local market and the global monopoly markets.

Thus the monopoly capitalist has a free run of the world. As long as the world ignores the solution: scientific socialism.

The socialism of a liberated territory is subject to a number of principles if independence is not to be alienated from the people. When socialism is true to its purpose, it seeks a connection with the egalitarian and humanist past of the people before their social evolution was ravaged by colonialism; it seeks from the results of colonialism those elements (like new methods of industrial production and economic organization) which can be adapted to serve the interest of the people; it seeks to contain and prevent the spread of those anomalies and domineering interests created by the capitalist habit of colonialism; it reclaims the psychology of people, erasing the 'colonial mentality' from it; and it resolutely defends the independence and security of the people. In short, socialism recognizes dialectic, the possibility of creation from forces which are opposed to one another; it recognizes creativity of struggle, and, indeed, the necessity of the operation of forces to any change. It also embraces materialism and translate this into social terms of equality.

Kwame Nkrumah" p. 105, "Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology for De-Colonisation"

But just as the negative actors on the human stage use of digital technology enhances what it wishes to do. Our human centered paradigm also values the capabilities of automation and cybernation. Thus by adapting and adopting the technology for positive ends we employ our common sense by sublating what are forced labor and stolen resources have created.

As Dr. Nkrumah, wrote in "Class Struggle in Africa":

Economically and industrially Europe and the USA are ready and poised for socialism. There are the necessary material ingredients which could make socialism possible overnight.. In the USA when automation and cybernation aided by nuclear energy reach their highest form of development, the forces of production will have been developed to a point at which there could be the classless society which Marx predicted could come only under communism. But although the USA is at present one of the most affluent and industrialized countries in the world, it is at the same time one of the most socially and politically backward.

pp 73-4, Class Struggle in Africa

Clearly then the problem is the social and political systems directing the use of the technology. Given our materialist philosophical consciencism system we will make contemporary communication, information and production systems work for the peoples interest, that is our interest.

....The intensification of the dialectical moment which produces independence will raise the index of development. A greater positive action therefore emerges as the key to development along socialist lines. That is, for socialist development, the socialist conscience of the people must be enhanced through education and party activity. The forces of positive action, political, economic and cultural, need to be mobilized and streamlined for progress.

This requires an increase in the number of people contributing to positive action and an improvement in the quality of their contribution. This requires a greater space a, achieved through positive unity as defined in formula (xiii), and it creates an optimum zone of self-induced development.

Kwame Nkrumah, p. 117, "Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology of De-Colonisation"

Part of that process is the socialization of the people and our institutions so that

The socialism of a liberated territory is subject to a number of principles if independence is not to be alienated from the people. When socialism is true to its purpose, it seeks a connection with the egalitarian and humanist past of the people before their social evolution was ravaged by colonialism; it seeks from the results of colonialism those elements (like new methods of industrial production and economic organization) which can be adapted to serve the interest of the people; it seeks to contain and prevent the spread of those anomalies and domineering interests created by the capitalist habit of colonialism; it reclaims the psychology of people, erasing the 'colonial mentality' from it; and it resolutely defends the independence and security of the people. In short, socialism recognizes dialectic, the possibility of creation from forces which are opposed to one another; it recognizes creativity of struggle, and, indeed, the necessity of the operation of forces to any change. It also embraces materialism and translate this into social terms of equality.

Kwame Nkrumah, pp. 105-6, "Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology of De-Colonisation"

Equipped with Osagyefo's guidance we can utilize modern technology for proper human development. For example if we wanted to build a global simulated scenario that would function as a Pan-African training system we could very easily use Adobe's Captivator to achieve this.

Captivate facilitates the use of video, audio, so the presentation is much more compelling and instructive that plain text alone, or even text combined with static or animated graphics. It provides excellent interactivity, including the capacity to give near-instant feedback and assessment responses to the person using the simulation. It is an excellent tool for many of the theoretic and practical task required in the propagation and institutionalization of philosophical consciencism. With ubiquitous hand held devices, laptops, desktops a society could easily start with one or two layers of blade servers and perhaps a cloud computing setup (with sufficient system redundancy) and the use of XML, that is (Ex)tensible Markup Language and Really Simple Syndication, commonly known as RSS and Learning Management Systems, LMS, we could easily devise a continental and global system of exchange of information that will strengthen our group intelligence and thus make our self-refential iCAS strategy that much more effective.

And given the fact that such technology can convey any aspect of any domain of human creativity, it will be a great blessing and boost for our people and the world. For example we could develop a course on economics using the theory of cybernetician, Prof. Zivko Kostic who demonstrated that economies are functions of social structures and that the more concise input from the human factors processed by the economic components of the society the greater will be the return*. Putting this in terms of the Pan-African global social economy and political milieu would greatly assist the development of Pan-Africanism.

But this is just one small use. There is robotic production of automobiles, planes, ships, prefab building components for homes, hospitals, schools, airports, maritime ports, general businesses, rail road facilities, "cultural" institutions, and other kinds of construction. People could produce digitalize fictional, such as romance novels, poetry, history of soccer in Africa, publish voluminous macro-economic and micro-economic studies and data as factors of global and continental trends driving increased integration or other such literature on the development of Pan-Africanism; hosting an on-line art gallery or offer classical philosophical works on the web.

These and the infinite number of other similar political, economic, financial, commercial, philosophical, management science, and / or social activities that any given human or human agency may devise is what makes the digital revolution an actual Revolution.

For example businesses requires excellent tools for modeling and simulating the vicissitudes of a world of cyclical economics and fragile market social-psychology, as each crises of capitalism proves too our collective misfortune (well at least the majority of us, as it obvious that the perpetrators of these capitalist crimes profit from their self-induced crises). Businesses need Enterprise Architecture methods and tools to help it understand and maintain the systemic vitality of the particular agency. It needs the power and speed of automated accounting to keep abreast of its financial position, to guide it in decisions related to purchasing, a/p, hiring, research development investment, governmental reporting requirements and many other aspects of the given business. They have to have a good, dependable system of tracking management decisions, likewise a viable method of supply chain management and definitely the ability to manipulate these sources of information so that they can be looked at as both separate streams of information, specific pieces of data and/or as a unified whole.

Political agencies need all these things also, it needs Enterprise Architecture (EA)for the same reasons as a business. It needs legacy systems of various kinds to help it plot future development of the society by the knowledge that can be gained from looking at the history of the state and the people. These same needs, to varying degrees of course, apply also to entities as diverse as universities, hospitals, museums, distribution systems managers and virtually every other aspect of a large complex society.

Digitalization, properly used gives us greater collective intelligence and hence greater success in the general societal spheres of interest, that is political, economic, educational, indeed, it would be most accurate if we said that this applies to everything that impacts Africa and Africans culturally really.

For example we should always be learning, so the smart use of our leisure time would allow for this by mixing some learning with the pure entertainment/recreation aspects of leisure. Such an approach will go a long way towards self-empowerment in our communities and our global nation. It would help us develop a process that would encourage and intensify the process of developing a steady stream of personnel who are constantly gaining competency in critical areas; things such as software engineering, data mining, content design, DBMS, simulation modeling, project management, Enterprise Architecture development and the myriad of other areas.

It will also increase our potential for developing new revenue generators. Commercially this constant upgrading and fine tuning of our collective intelligence level, our human databases of communal knowledge in vital areas would open up many potential markets and revenue generating areas for us. Everything from automated travel and leisure services, online book stores, AI-assisted infra-structural projects, system analysis, computer aided market research, forecasting and polling, computer-based event planning, offshore outsourcing of software engineering and data processing, educational services and so on. This would allow us to take advantage of the globalization trend and avoid as much of the risk as we can possibly identify and counteract.

To do this we need to:

Train and prepare the human capital. The more informed we are about the digital revolution the greater is the derived benefit for us all in our various roles in the global society. that is as business people, customers, cooperative workers and vendors.

When we look at specified demographic sectors, for example, the class of people who have yet to enter the Internet - based economy because they do not have infra-structural access, capital, knowledge and so forth, we suddenly realize that there are literally billions of potential new "workers-managers", and customers out there in the African world, just waiting for them day when Africa stands erect in the world and takes its proper place.

This is where we want to go...we want to show every possible interest group that we have a chance for a win win situation here. Let us do a little imagineering here:
If at the aggregate competency level of today's Africa work force was able to be upgraded wouldn't Africa gain as a whole? wouldn't that be good for both the African continent and its individual constituent states but also for the rest of the world?...

So it is a win - win situation...helping humanity in two of its most important roles -- as those who produce-manage and consume.

  1. Informed customers will be able to access and appreciate the quality and value of the services and products created by the digitalized global economy / society;
  2. Producers (cooperative investors, managers, workers of various types) will be able to create quality and value in the form of the services and products of the African digital society and economy.
  3. The institutions of the society, generally, will have more capital to invest in the needs of the people and the state.

All we need to do is to define our optimum position in the global market, partner carefully and ethically, and remember the basic business axiom: every circumstance of risk carries within itself immense opportunity, all that is required is planning, working and perseverance.

This we can do if we have the right financial and economic strategies in place. That is, if we have the proper political economy in place; one that puts the peoples' interest first at all times. This means that the security and development of the people comes first, the survival of the people comes first, the advancement of the people as communities, families, and individuals, always comes first. It is the main determinant of fiscal, monetary, financial, economic, commercial, educational, and every other kind of political decision made by a society functioning within the context of a philophical consciencist system.

What we need is calm and insightful actors who know the link between successful, cooperative entrepreneurship and motivating human beings; and the correct form of political organization of the society and the state...that is one based on philosophical consciencism.

This is the critical determinant of the amount of revenue we can generate over time. It is the essential element of consideration when we make our decisions about disposition of resources.

It will also help us amass a competent pool of worker-managers who can deploy cooperative team structures so that we can launch our expanded development this task we cannot stress the absolute importance of planning, working and perseverance guided by redemptive goals, objectives and philosophy too often nor too strenuously.

We must be proficient in the use of economic and commercial intelligence. This will enable us to use forecasting methods to stay ahead of the curve in all critical business sectors.

First: We must fully realize that the institutional efforts that will be successful in this approach will all share some common attributes.

  • The recognition that the economy is global. All competition and markets have been globalized
  • That innovation in technology, techniques, processes, methods, and methodologies deployed in production, distribution and related areas, is the only way to survive in a globalized competition.
  • That planning and implementation reflect their understanding of the two above items.

We have to understand that overall planning and deployment processes are greatly enhanced by the use of statistical tables of historical data. This allows the government, the worker, cooperative worker-management, or business owner(s) the opportunity to anticipate and cope with the ongoing process of change.

This logic would perforce be reflected in all of our business plans, marketing strategies, in the design and general use of the information systems.

For maximum efficiency historic and forecast data should be updated regularly and made available HTML,XML or similar univesal formats over private intranet for reasonable security with ease of access.

Those activities that are of interests to the general African population must either be posted to the internet or there would have to be an intranet or extanet that encompasses and serves the total Pan-African demographic and world.

To properly forecast political economic, financial, and commercial developments, we have to situate current political and economic events in their proper historical context. This will help us cope with the process of change and analyze evaluate longer-term developments. This would be reflected in our business plan, and its derivatives the marketing plan, MIS and DSS systems, Human Resource policies and so forth. Think of it as applying materialist logic to stochastic analysis and chaos planning.

This means we have to deploy the analytic tools to systemically dissect and re-engineer (where called for) the general infrastructure and key sectors of our economy.

We will need develop the capacity to generate statistical tables of historical data over 1, 2, 5 year periods and longer (and shorter). This is an imperative for both assessment/analysis and general planning. We would want our people to stay on top of the current-accounts situation of critical markets, the levels and trends of commodity prices, foreign exchange and interest rates, tax environment in each commercial operational theater / venue in which we function, our rate of growth, the activity and position of our global competitors, the level of unemployment and inflation, anticipate changes in regional integration-induced trade flows and the credit market.

To do this, we must have a readily digestible, steady stream of all the data germane to our position in the world. We must provide ourselves access to global and regional economic indicators and forecasts to guarantee that we are relying on the optimal historic and forecast data.

Data points can be updated monthly and produced in spreadsheet, XML and HTML formats, and where appropriate rendered into RSS feeds.

Data series should include these and other categories (that is to say the series in not limited to this array):

  • Gross domestic product
  • Fiscal and monetary indicators
  • Demographics and income
  • Foreign payments
  • Foreign debt stock
  • Foreign debt service
  • Foreign trade
  • Quarterly indicators
  • Monthly indicators
  • Weekly indicators
  • Daily indicators
  • Hourly indicators.

(This is an expansion of the approach that the Allende government was developing with the participation of the whole national work force and the assistance of the British cybernetician Stafford Beer.)

The data and information generated would be made available digitally to every individual and agency that has a need to know. That is everyone who has some function that requires access to the information generated by the process, or specific elements of the data.

Logically we would want people to be able to access the information with ease. Pervasive or ubiquitous computing combined with technologies such as DHTML, XML, HTML, RSS makes this a relatively simple and straightforward process.

It might also be useful to deploy cloud computing, with sufficient redundancy in case of system failure or accidents or natural disaster or human-made disaster such as terrorism, vandalism, carelessness or some other action, intentional or unintentional that will take down aspects of our system.

If we do these kind of things we can create the necessary quality and value. Our businesses will be able to compete at the level of all other world class commercial entities no matter where they are in the world.

Africa will create quality and value that appeals to a large globalized market and thereby increase the size of our work force and radically improve our standard of living and quality of life. Digitalization in the context of Pan-Africanism will allow us to employ a geographically dispersed work force using standard remote processing protocols and techniques.

We will be empowered to serve our market better because we will be able to communicate more efficiently. Informed customers are able to appreciate the quality and value of the services and products created by the digitalized economy. Most importantly this will allow the African people to interact with the world on various commercial levels across geographical and time boundaries.

But none of this is possible without Union Government. That is government guided by the principles of philosophical consciencism. Union Government is the only way Africa will be able to speak with one voice and act as one. This require first and foremost the proper political and military agencies which would of course, operate on a Pan-African scale and scope.

It is the only way to end the misery of Africa's and the world peoples generally.

*Kostic wrote:

Every organizational system of people and material resources with an economic goal is a specific economic structure, the mezzo economy, bounded by its specific goals from the macro economy (social economy) and from the micro economy (economy of individuals) which are integrated in the mezzo economy or are outside it.

The mezzo economy, by its functioning within its macroeconomic environment, influences the state of the macro- and microeconomics and causes changes in them, being subject itself to influences of the macro- and microeconomics which manifest themselves in changes of the state of the mezzo economy.

The complex of states and changes of states in the macro-, mezzo-, and microeconomics and their mutual effects make up the global social economy.

All these effects have their repercussions in the mezzo economic structure.

The mezzo economic structure, as an organizational system, is made up of its subsystems: the human (the working collectivity of the enterprise), the material and the financial subsystems. In the first, three further subsystems are acting: the executive function, the function of management, and the function of administration. In the second, the following ones are differentiated: the technical-technological subsystem (working resources, equipment, and technological proceedings), the subsystem of material supplies (raw materials, parts, commodities in stock). The third consists of: the allocated financial resources, expenses and income.

All these subsystems, by their functioning in the mezzo economic structure, make it possible for the mezzo economy, as an organizational system, to perform its function in the process of social reproduction, thereby providing for the macro- and microeconomic interests and simultaneously realizing its own mezzo economic interests. Each disturbance in the functioning of any subsystem gives as a consequence a certain degree of disorganization in the mezzo economic system, entropy of that system and reduction of the economic quality of the results of functioning of the mezzo economy in the process of social reproduction, that is reduction of the economic quality of the exit from the system. Such a result of functioning of the mezzo economy affects the macro- and microeconomic interests, this being reversibly reflected both in the mezzo economy and its structure.

The feedback mechanism between macro-, mezzo-, and microeconomic interests does not include also the automatism of that mechanism. Constant decisions are required from the administrative subsystem in the mezzo economy, through which decisions, in the sense of business policy and respective organizational measures, the economic processes are guided in the direction of the goals laid down. The goals are defined in such a way that in the field of identical macro-, mezzo-, and microeconomic interests the realization of corresponding economic maxima is aimed at, whilst in the field of conflicting interests the tendency is to find out corresponding economic optima.

The definition of these economic sizes and their insertion as criteria of economic efficiency of the functioning of the mezzo economy and criteria of economic quality of the results of that functioning, that is the economic quality of the exit from the system, requires constant analytic follow-up and regulative acting by the administrative subsystem which with its decisions has to influence the processes in order to put their economic effects back into the boundaries set, in case they surpass the boundaries of toleration.

Nevertheless, these administrative decisions are complicated by the fact that the factors of dynamic and the factors of the entropy of the mezzo economic system are not to be found only in the sphere of economic processes.

The mezzo economic structure in contemporary society is no longer only a subsystem of the macro- economy, but also a subsystem of the total social structure.

On the other hand, the working collectivity of the contemporary enterprise no longer represents only integrated microeconomics, but also associated human personalities whose behavior is not determined by their economic interests only. Although any behavior has its economic effects, the economic effects and economic goals are not sufficient to explain the social character of individual acts.

Individual reactions cannot be separated from their social surroundings, from the social structure and its institutions, and the social structures are subject to the dialectical dynamics of society wherein, with the transition from one system to another, the laws of the economy of the enterprise also change.

The role which the mezzo economy as an organizational system receives in society is becoming more and more important, because the mezzo economic structure is growing to become a society in miniature, is becoming a subsystem of the aggregate social structure, which fact commits the administrative subsystem in it to much more complex and responsible decisions, which will also include the extra-economic factors of the development of the mezzo economy and the more so regulate the mutual reversible relations of macro-, mezzo, and microeconomic interests.

The basic goal of the macroeconomy as an economic system appears in the final analysis as the satisfaction of social and individual needs, this being provided by the functioning of the mezzoeconomy in the process of social reproduction and the physical product as the result of such functioning.

A series of macroeconomic interests in the mezzoeconomy and mezzoeconomic effects in the macroeconomy ensue from this basic purpose of the macroeconomy and the basic relation of the macro- and mezzoeconomy.

from the article " Feedback mechanism between mezzo economic structure and micro- and
macroeconomic interests", by Prof. Z. Kostic, in the book Progress in Cybernetics
and Systems Research, Vol. II