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Pan-African Perspective

Centenary Pan-African celebration

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Col. Qadhafi Speaks About United States of Africa

Motsoko Pheko, deputy president of the Pan Africanist Congress, speaks on the Road to Pan-Africanism


What's happening in Pan-Africanism



The Organising Committee Centenary Pan African Conference
25th July, 2000


The Centenary Pan African Conference, held at Conway Hall, Red Lion Square, Holborn, London, England on Saturday the 22nd day of July 2000 was a resounding success. It ended on a note of triumph with delegates "calling on Pan Africanists and Africans every where to intensify the struggle for Pan Africanism." This was defined in the conference resolution as "a democratic, egalitarian, socialist Pan African Union ruled by African Culture, in which Africa produces what it consumes and consumes what it produces."

The Conference was attended by 126 delegates from all over the African world - South Africa, Zimbabwe, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Gambia, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Eritrea, Sudan, Egypt, the Caribbean, USA and Europe. It was held to commemorate the first Pan African Conference held in London in July 1900 and to set the Pan African agenda for the 21st century.

Particular attention was paid to the family tradition within Pan Africanism. Writer, Publisher, Margaret Busby represented the family of George F. Christian. He was born in Dominica in the Caribbean. A Delegate to the 1900 Pan African Conference, his speech on South Africa to that historic Conference was reported in The Times of July 26, 1900. Following that Conference, he went to live in Ghana in 1902. Margaret read part of her grandfather's speech to the Centenary Pan African Conference. She was joined at the Conference reception by BBC television News Reader Moira Stuart, another descendant of George F. Christian.

George Padmore, organiser of the historic 5th Pan African Conference held in Manchester, England in 1945 was represented by his 74 years old daughter Blyden Cowart and his grand daughter Lindia Blyden Randall. Speaking on behalf of herself and her mother, Lindia told fellow delegates, "My mother and I would like to think that George Padmore would be pleased that you are here. For he would know that his and others' life works although not done, are not forgotten. And for that, my mother and I thank you." Blyden and her daughter Lindia were joined at the Conference reception by actress Nina Baden Semper.

Kwame Nkrumah was represented at the Conference by his daughter Samia. She registered herself, her husband and child as Conference delegates. It was the first time that Samia, the daughter of Nkrumah met Blyden, the daughter of Padmore. So the two legends of 1945 were reunited familially in the 2000 Centenary Pan African Conference.

Dr. Greg Kimathi Carr of the Association For the Study of Classic African Civilisations (USA) paid a handsome tribute to the Pan African writer and educator C. L. R. James. He referred in particular to James' pamphlet EVERY COOK CAN GOVERN. Other delegates paying tribute to former Pan Africanists were Dr. Ira Phillip of Bermuda, Karl Stein who paid tribute to Henry Sylvester Williams, organiser of the 1900 Pan African Conference; Isha McKenzie-Mavinga paid tribute to her father Ernest McKenzie-Mavinga, a delegate to the 1945 Manchester Congress; Lindiwe Tsele paid tributes to Lembede, Mangaliso Robert Sobukwe and Zephaniah Mothopeng of Azania (South Africa). Koro Sallah of Gambia paid tribute to all Pan Africanists - past, present and future.

The highlight of the Conference was a sparkling and inspirational keynote address given by Dr. Motsoko Pheko, Deputy President of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania and a member of the South African Parliament.

"The only way Africans can regain their lost power and past glory is by relying on themselves, developing the self-confidence necessary to control all the affairs of Africa and creating a world of interdependence," Dr. Pheko told delegates. "Africans can regain their lost power only through continental unity, which Henry Sylvester Williams, the organiser of the 1900 Pan African Conference called Pan Africanism."

He said that, "Pan Africanism is the political philosophy which Africans must adopt, embrace and apply if Africa, the second continent in the world with untold riches is to emerge as a world power. It is only through Pan Africanism that a united Africa, speaking with one voice and pursuing a bold, common policy on matters that affect all African interests can be created."

Dr. Pheko paid handsome tributes to Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, Patrice Lumumba of Congo, Thomas Sankara of Burkina Faso, Maurice Bishop of Grenada and Mangaliso Robert Sobukwe. "They were all overthrown, poisoned or killed because they fought for the Pan African cause. But the African struggle for control of Africa by Africans for Africans shall never be destroyed."

He said that "Pan Africanism and Socialism were organically complimentary; African countries must prioritise and maximise the study of modern science and technology in all her institutions of learning; African countries must stop exporting their raw materials; Africans must avoid "aid" that is for the recolonisation of Africa; Africa must formulate a foreign investment policy; Africa must build military capacity for the defence of African interests;

Africa must increase her population; strengthen the Pan African Movement continentally and worldwide; Africa must 'delegitimatise globalisation' as an option for development in Africa."

In his conclusion, Dr. Pheko said that "The tragedy of life does not lie in not reaching goals, but in not having goals to reach." He looked forward to "a powerful United States of Africa." He was given a standing ovation by delegates.

Cultural performances were given by Patricia Humphries of Covington, Kentucky, USA who performed THE GHOST OF HARRIET TUBMAN; by Zebbie Todd, Nark de Britto, Lij Sol Ujamaa, Khadijatou and Brother Kamara of Sierra Leone and his drummers.

Lester Lewis, the Convenor of the Centenary Pan African Conference said, "This Conference was a wonderful, splendid, successful and happy affair. The question now is not whether there will be a Pan African Union, but what kind of Pan African Union? All states with majority African populations Like Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and the other Caribbean Islands must be part of the coming Pan African Union. Just as the 1900 Conference set the African agenda for the 20th century, so this 2000 Pan African Conference has set the African agenda for the 21st Century."


Issued by: The Organising Committee, Centenary Pan African Conference,

Stoke Newington Road, London N16 7XN, England.
Tel: +44 207 249 3764, e-mail: panafegal@hotmail.com

NOTICE BOARD: A report on the Centenary Pan African Conference entitled "HOW AFRICANS CAN REGAIN THEIR LOST POWER" is being prepared by the Organising Committee. It will contain the tributes and speeches to the Conference plus photographs of the various aspects of the celebration of 100 years of organised Pan Africanism.

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